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250 Useful Turkish Words and Expressions for Tourists

Posted By Erlend Geerts On April 29, 2011 @ 2:21 pm In Practical Information | 1 Comment

Knowing a few basic Turkish words and expressions will not only please locals, it will also come in handy during your stay. Turks will try their best to help you, but not all Turks speak English — and that’s an understatement. Most restaurants have menus in both Turkish and English, but especially in snack bars the translations may be far from perfect (see picture).

This list of 250 basic Turkish words and expressions allows you to establish some kind of communication to address most inconveniences or questions you may have during your stay. Make sure to check out the Turkish pronunciation rules [1], too. At for your convenience, at the bottom you’ll find a link to print this page in a printer-friendly fashion.

Accomodation

air-conditioning klima
balcony balkon
entrance giriş
exit çıkış
luggage bagaj
pull çekiniz
push itiniz
reception resepsiyon
restaurant restoran / lokanta
shampoo şampuan
shower duş
soap sabun
swimming pool havuz
toilet tuvalet
toilet paper tuvalet kağıdı
towel havlu

Transportation

airport [2] havalimanı
avenue cadde
bus / coach otobüs
fare ücret
ferry vapur
map harita
passenger yolcu
plane uçak
platform peron
port liman
quay iskele
road yol
sea bus deniz otobüsü
sea deniz
ship gemi
station istasyon
street sokak
subway / underground [3] metro
taxi [4] taksi
ticket office bilet gişesi
ticket bilet
timetable tarife
train tren

Touristic Places

carpet halı
castle hisar
church kilise
island [5] ada
mosque cami
museum müze
palace saray
park park
square meydan
tourism turizm
tourist information office turizm danışma bürosu
tourist turist
tower kule
Turkish bath hamam [6]

Colors

black siyah
blue mavi
brown kahverengi
green yeşil
orange turuncu
pink pembe
purple mor
red kırmızı
white beyaz
yellow sarı

Food and Drink

beer [7] bira
black pepper karabiber
bottle şişe
bread ekmek
breakfast [8] kahvaltı
butter tereyağı
dessert tatlı
dinner akşam yemeği
enjoy your meal afiyet olsun
fillet steak bonfile
fish [9] balık
food yemek
fork çatal
glass bardak
ice cream dondurma
ice buz
knife bıçak
lamb grilled on a spit and served in thin slices döner kebap [10]
layered pastry with cheese/meat/spinach filling börek [11]
lemon limon
lunch öğle yemeği
main course ana yemek
meat et
menu menü
peppers biber
plate tabak
rare (cooked) az pişmiş
salad salata
salt tuz
serviette peçete
soup çorba
spoon kaşık
starter meze
steak biftek
sugar şeker
table masa
tea çay
tip bahşiş
toast tost
waiter / waitress garson
walnuts ceviz
water su
well done iyi pişmiş
white cheese beyaz peynir
white wine beyaz şarap
wine list [12] şarap listesi
with meat etli
yoghurt drink ayran

Small Talk

but ama
child çocuk
good evening iyi akşamlar
good morning günaydın
good night iyi geceler
goodbye hoşça kalın or bye bye
hello merhaba
How many? Kaç tane?
How much? (price) Kaç para?
Mr bay
Mrs bayan
no hayır
ok tamam
or ya da / veya
please lütfen
sorry / excuse me pardon / affedersiniz
thank you teşekkür ederim, teşekkürler, sağol or mersi
yes evet

Adjectives

a little az
a lot / very / too çok
average / medium orta
bad kötü
big büyük
closed kapalı
cold soğuk
good iyi
hot sıcak
open açık
quick hızlı / çabuk
slow yavaş
small küçük

Directions

broken bozuk
down aşağı
far uzak
here burada
left sol
near yakın
right sağ
straight on doğru
there orada
up yukarı

In Case of Emergency

accident kaza
Call an ambulance! Ambulans çağrın!
Call the police! Polis çağrın!
dentist diş hekimi
diarrhea ishal
doctor doktor
fever ateş
Fire! Yangın!
headache baş ağrısı
Help! İmdat!
hospital hastane
medication ilaç
pain ağrı
pharmacy ezcane
police polis
sick / ill hasta
Stop! Dur!
Where is the nearest hospital? En yakın hastane nerede?

Money Matters

ATM bankamatik
bank banka
bill hesap
cash money [13] nakit
cheap ucuz
cheque çek
coins / small money bozuk para
credit card kredi kartı
deposit depozito
discount indirim
expensive pahalı
foreign exchange office döviz bürosu
free bedava
high quality kaliteli
invoice fatura
money para
paper money kağıt para
price fiyat
quality kalite
receipt makbuz
tax excluded KDV hariç
tax included KDV dahil
to buy satın almak

Prompts

Can I have …? … rica ediyorum.
Can you help me? (in a shop) Bakar mısınız?
Can you help me? Bana yardım edebilir misiniz?
Do you speak English? İngilizce konuşuyor musunuz?
Excellent! Çok güzel.
Go away! Çekil!
How are you? Nasılsın?
How much is it? Bu ne kadar?
I can’t speak Turkish. Türkçe bilmiyorum.
I don’t understand. Anlamıyorum.
I would like … … istiyorum.
I’m fine. İyiyim.
Is there a … here? Burada … var mı?
Please speak more slowly. Lütfen, daha yavaş konuşur musunuz?
Please write it down for me. Lütfen yazar mısınız?
Pleased to meet you. Memnun oldum.
See you soon. Görüşmek üzere.
What time is it? Saat kaç?
Where are the toilets? Tuvaletler nerede?
Where can I get …? … nerede bulabilirim?
Where do I pay? Kasa nerede?
Where is/are …? … nerede?

Numbers

0 sıfır
1 bir
2 iki
3 üç
4 dört
5 beş
6 altı
7 yedi
8 sekiz
9 dokuz
10 on

Days of the Week

Monday Pazartesi
Tuesday Salı
Wednesday Çarşamba
Thursday Perşembe
Friday Cuma
Saturday Cumartesi
Sunday Pazar

Time Expressions

afternoon öğleden sonra
at the moment şu anda
early erken
evening akşam
last week geçen hafta
late geç
later sonra
morning sabah
next week gelecek hafta
night gece
now şimdi
soon yakında
this evening bu akşam
this morning bu sabah
today bugün
tomorrow yarın
yesterday dün

[Photo Source [14]]


Article printed from Witt Magazine: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine

URL to article: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/250-useful-turkish-words-and-expressions-for-tourists/

URLs in this post:

[1] Turkish pronunciation rules: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/turkish-language-and-pronunciation-rules-for-tourists/

[2] airport: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/how-to-get-from-the-istanbul-ataturk-airport-to-your-hotel/

[3] subway / underground: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/use-public-transportation-in-istanbul-to-reach-most-places-of-interest/

[4] taxi: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/tips-to-prevent-popular-istanbul-taxi-scams/

[5] island: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/why-and-how-should-you-visit-the-princes-islands-in-istanbul/

[6] hamam: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/what-to-expect-when-visiting-a-turkish-bath-or-hamam/

[7] beer: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/what-to-drink-in-istanbul/

[8] breakfast: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/what-does-a-typical-turkish-breakfast-look-like/

[9] fish: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/fresh-fish-in-istanbul-how-to-pick-and-order-a-nice-one/

[10] döner kebap: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/know-your-doner-kebap-history-overview-and-selected-dishes/

[11] börek: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/istanbuls-street-food-whats-hot-and-whats-not/

[12] wine list: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/indigenous-wine-grapes-of-turkey/

[13] cash money: http://www.wittistanbul.com/magazine/istanbul-money-strategy-cash-or-credit-card/

[14] Photo Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/neilbanas/

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